Overview of the development of the hottest global

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Overview of the development of the global packaging industry

it is estimated that the annual packaging sales worldwide are about US $500billion, with 100000 packaging companies and more than 5million employees, accounting for 1% of the gross national product 2%。 Generally, the packaging industry in developed countries belongs to the ninth or tenth largest industry in their country. The annual growth rate of packaging industry and products in developing countries is more than 10%

the United States, Western Europe and Japan are the three largest packaging markets in the world, with annual sales of more than 220 billion US dollars. Among them, the packaging market in the United States is larger than that in Western Europe and Japan. The annual sales of packaging containers in the United States is about US $85billion, while that in Western Europe is close to US $80billion and that in Japan is US $60billion. The packaging industry in the United States, Western Europe and Japan will continue to grow in the future. It is expected that in the next five years, the packaging market in the United States will grow at an annual rate of 3.5%, while the average annual growth rates in Western Europe and Japan are 4% and 3% respectively. According to statistics, the output value of the packaging industry in Western Europe reached 107 billion pounds in 1996, including 117.3 billion pounds in Eastern Europe

packaging is the largest user of plastic consumption, accounting for about 30% of the total plastic consumption, and has maintained a good growth momentum. The United States, Japan and Germany all exceeded 30%, while New Zealand, Finland and Brazil reached 58%, 57% and 49%. Among them, food and beverage packaging is relatively mature, accounting for 40% of the total plastic packaging; However, the application of plastics in the packaging of health, cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries needs further development

Since 1994, great changes have taken place in the plastic packaging market, the most prominent of which is the sharp rise in the price of plastic raw material resin, sometimes as high as 70%, which has a certain impact on the packaging industry. Pet is the resin with the fastest growth in plastic packaging at present, especially in the beverage bottle market. American scientists believe that it is the greatest achievement of the packaging industry in the 20th century. At present, PET bottles consume about 3million tons of resin every year in the world. Based on the weight of 50 grams per bottle, the annual consumption is about 60billion, most of which are used as disposable packaging. According to the information provided by the Japan PET bottle Association, the world's pet bottle resin exceeded 2.5 million tons in 1995, and the world's demand is expected to be 4million tons in 2000, with North America, Europe and the Far East as the three major consumer regions

check whether the rotation direction of mixing blades of main packaging materials is correct. Production status and development trend

I. plastic packaging industry

1, growth rate

plastic is growing faster than any other packaging materials. In the field of flexible packaging, the United States consumes 36million tons of plastic annually, accounting for 3/4 of the materials used. In the flexible packaging market, the annual average growth rate of plastic consumption is about 6%, which is much higher than the annual average growth rate of paper (less than 1%) and aluminum foil (1..5%). In terms of rigid plastic packaging, plastic bottles in the United States surpassed glass bottles for the first time in 1994, accounting for more than 19.4% of the total number of packaging containers. Among them, PET bottles grew the fastest. In 1996, the growth rate of plastic packaging demand in the United States was 3.5%, and the sales of plastic used in food packaging was 3.4 billion US dollars. The average consumption of plastic packaging in Europe from 1990 to 1996 is due to the decline in the average number of polymers composed of long-chain molecules, but the market price will increase from US $11.3 billion to US $16 billion

2. Application

the main industry of plastic packaging is the food industry, followed by the beverage industry. It is expected that the application of plastic packaging in the cosmetics industry and drug packaging will increase

in 1994, the output value of flexible packaging and rigid containers made of plastic in the United States accounted for more than 30% of the total packaging demand. Polyester bottles account for% of beverage and beer packaging in Japan, the United States, Canada and other countries. In 1995, the hot formed APET and CPET food tray and packaging market in the United States was about 109000 tons. By 2000, the market is estimated to reach 228000 tons. The European market is about half of the American market. Germany uses 1.5 million tons of packaging film every year. In 1995, the output of plastic packaging products (excluding plastic boxes for transportation) in Japan was 3.41 million tons, accounting for 15.1% of the total output of 22.59 million tons of packaging materials and containers in Japan; The total packaging value is 6790.5 billion yen, and the output value of plastic packaging products is 1517.6 billion yen, accounting for about 22.4%. Barrier resin is mainly used for barrier packaging, with an average annual growth rate of 7% in the United States. Selective breathable films are expected to grow by 8% in the next few years, mainly for the packaging of fresh fruits and vegetables. The application of this packaging material is causing the development of ready to eat agricultural products. It is expected that the packaged agricultural products will reach 25% of the total agricultural product market by 2000

3. Pet

in terms of hard plastic packaging, pet plastic analytes have increased more, which is the result of the growing demand for PET bottles. In 1998, PET bottles made in the United States required 680000 tons of resin, up 55% from 438000 tons in 1992. PET bottles in Japan account for 30% of the beverage market, still growing at a rate of 7% every year. According to the statistics of the Japanese polyester bottle Association, the consumption of polyester bottles in 1994 increased by 19.8% over 1993, reaching 175823 tons. In 1995, the growth rate was 2.9%, of which the fastest-growing bottle was the bottle for alcoholic beverages, with an increase of 4.6%, reaching 10600 tons; Soy sauce and condiment bottles increased by 10% to 22900 tons. In Japan, polyester bottles used for food packaging account for more than 90%. Beverage bottles account for about 72% of the total polyester bottles, while detergent and shampoo bottles account for only 6.5% of the total. Pic consulting UK predicts that the PET packaging market in Europe will continue to grow at an average annual rate of more than 10% in the future. In 1995, the market consumption was 793000 tons, which is expected to increase to 1.55 million tons in 2001 and 2.12 million tons in 2005. According to the prediction of DeWitt company of the United States, the annual average growth rate of PET packaging demand in the world from 1995 to 2005 was 11.7%, and the main consumption growth field was food packaging industry. Soft drinks and mineral water bottles are the main driving forces to promote market expansion. By 2006, the consumption of soft drink bottles in Asia will account for 35.4% of PET packaging resin. The application of PET resin in non food packaging will also continue to grow. In 1996, the consumption of resin in cosmetics and sanitary products in the United States was 29000 tons, and the consumption of medical products and health care products was 50000 tons. It is expected to increase to 35500 tons and 57000 tons respectively by 2000

(to be continued) 1. It is oriented to solve the demand for new materials in the downstream utilization industry

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