The hottest inventory 2016 standard patents move f

2022-08-08
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Taking stock of 2016 standard patents: moving towards norms

improving standards and market norms are the only way for the development of the industry. With the gradual maturity of the semiconductor lighting industry, the importance of standard certification patents and other issues has become prominent, and standards, intellectual property protection, brand construction and so on have become the focus of attention of many enterprises. Looking back on 2016, the field of standards and patents is not cold at all

standard certification: internal and external efforts

1. CSA released three alliance standards, including remote phosphor devices

on March 2, the national semiconductor lighting engineering research and development and Industry Alliance (CSA) released three alliance standards, namely CSA "remote phosphor devices", CSA "performance requirements for LED explosion proof lamps for explosive gas environments" and csa035 Visual health and comfort test of LED lighting products Part 1: overview

under the guidance of the national ideas and policies for deepening standardization reform, the State Council, the National Standards Commission and some local governments have issued policy documents to encourage the formulation of alliance standards. The national semiconductor lighting engineering research and development and Industry Alliance (CSA) was also approved as the "group standard pilot unit" of the National Standards Commission in 2015. CSA will continue to pay attention to the standardization needs of the industry and alliance members, based on scientific and technological innovation, organize the formulation of semiconductor lighting related standards, and promote the healthy development of semiconductor lighting industry

2. Gb/t "terms and definitions of LED lighting for plant growth" was released

on April 25, the National Standards Commission issued China national standard Announcement No. 7 in 2016, and the national standard gb/t "terms and definitions of LED lighting for plant growth" led by the State Key Laboratory of semiconductor lighting joint innovation was released. This standard is the first basic standard formulated at home and abroad in the field of plant illumination. It establishes terms and gives definitions in terms of illumination, plant growth, LED products, test systems, etc., such as distinguishing the relevant definitions of confusion between plant illumination and general illumination, "illumination" and "illumination", "light intensity" and "photon irradiance"; Photosynthetic photon flux, photosynthetic photon flux density, relative quantum efficiency (RQE) curve (photosynthetic), light formula, etc. are defined. This standard alleviates the confusion of relevant definitions and inconsistent terms in the industry, has important guiding significance for the industries involved in LED lighting for plant growth, and lays a foundation for the application and promotion of LED in agriculture in China

3. Implementation rules for energy efficiency labeling of non directional self ballasted LED lamps for general lighting issued that led bulb lamps must be affixed with energy efficiency labels before they can be sold on the market

on June 24, the national development and Reform Commission, the State Administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine and the national certification and Accreditation Administration organized the formulation and revision of products with energy efficiency labels in the people's Republic of China × 2 Catalogue (2016 Edition), basic style of China's energy efficiency signs (Revised), implementation rules for energy efficiency signs of non directional self ballasted LED lamps for general lighting, and other 33 categories of product energy efficiency signs implementation rules

according to the implementation rules for energy efficiency identification of non directional self ballasted LED lamps for general lighting, from October 1, 2016, non directional self ballasted LED lamps for general lighting (LED bulb lamps) will have to be affixed with energy efficiency identification before they can be sold on the market. Enterprises need to complete three items to obtain energy efficiency labels, including the 1000 hour lighting test of LED bulb lamps; Complete the inspection report of LED bulb lamp; Provide materials on the China energy efficiency label for filing

4. The cross strait standards forum announced the "safety requirements for integrated dual ended LED lamps"

on September 6, the China Communications Standardization Association, the China Electronics Industry Standardization Technology Association and the Huaju industry common standards Promotion Foundation announced seven common standards and the cloud computing industry case collection version 2.0, including the "safety requirements for integrated dual ended LED lamps" and the "overall technical requirements for machine cabinets and servers"

On October 12, entrusted by the Ministry of science and technology, the semiconductor lighting project management office of the Ministry of science and technology organized a review meeting for the draft of the national standard "led public lighting intelligent system interface application layer communication protocol" led by the State Key Laboratory of semiconductor lighting joint innovation. After careful discussion, The experts of the validation team unanimously passed the validation of the application layer communication protocol for the interface of LED public lighting intelligent system (Draft for review)

the expert group believes that the draft of the standard reflects the technical status and application requirements, standardizes the functional requirements and application layer communication protocol of the intelligent LED public lighting control system, and has good compatibility and expansibility; The standard stipulates the hierarchical architecture, function set, application layer protocol process and application layer protocol reference of LED public road lighting intelligent system, which is highly operable; The content of the standard is comprehensive and specific, which is conducive to the development of public lighting control system in the direction of interconnection and standardization. In addition, the expert group made suggestions on the expression of term definitions and the use of standard language in the standard. The drafting group of the application layer communication protocol for the interface of LED public lighting intelligent system will modify and improve the standard as soon as possible according to expert suggestions and submit it for approval

6. New national standard of lamps gb7000 There are many differences between the new and old standards to be implemented.

on November 1, the China Quality Certification Center issued the notice on the implementation of the relevant requirements of the new version of the standard GB 7000 for compulsory certification of lighting products. The notice points out that GB7 has a running speed of 000 Lamps and lanterns Part 1: General requirements and tests will be implemented on January 1, 2017, and will replace GB7000 from the date of implementation Lamps and lanterns Part 1: General requirements and tests. According to the technical resolution on the implementation of compulsory product certification for lamp products according to the new version of standard GB 7000 (TC), there are many differences between the new and old versions of the standard, which can not exceed 475 degrees. Among them, four points are the most typical, including significant changes in nameplate marks, and the F series marks that enterprises are very familiar with are in gb7000 It is no longer used in, but changed to a visual pattern warning mark. Clarify the requirements of blue light hazards, reduce the requirements of SELV circuit wire diameter, and do not allow grounding through the built-in control device, etc

7. American National Standards Institute issued national standard c82, Specify the LED drive test method

the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) announced that the national standard C82 issued by the American National Standards Institute Accreditation Standards Committee c82.: LED drive test method. This standard describes the procedures to be followed and matters needing attention when measuring the driving performance of LED. The scope includes but is not limited to LED drivers with these characteristics: general lighting, external lighting and road lighting applications; The input power supply voltage is 600 VDC or 600 VAC (50 or 60 Hz); The output open circuit voltage is 600 V or less; Constant current and constant voltage DC output; Fixed, variable (adjustable), pulse width modulated, or programmable (adjustable) output power; External (independent) or internal (attached to the lamp)

8. The United States issued FCC certification and testing requirements for RF LED lamps

on June 16, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) issued a KDB document on the certification and testing of RF LED lamps: 640677 D01 RF LED lighting V01

the document specifies the definition of RF LED lamp and the certification and testing requirements of RF LED lamp. Among them, RF LED lamps are certified in accordance with FCC part 15b VOC. The test method is based on ANSI c63.4:2014. RF LED lamp includes two test items: conducted emission and radiated emission of AC power port. The test requirements are in accordance with FCC part 15.107 and 15.109 respectively. It should be noted that as for the requirement of the upper limit of the test frequency of radiation emission, according to 15.33 (b), if the maximum operating frequency of the product is less than 1.705 MHz, the upper limit of the test frequency of radiation emission is 30MHz. According to the requirements of this KDB document, whether the maximum working frequency of the RF LED lamp is less than 1.705mhz or not, the upper limit of the radiated emission test frequency is 1GHz. In other words, 30mhz-1ghz radiation emission test is required

9. The U.S. Department of energy issued the test requirements for integral LED lamps

on July 1, the U.S. Department of energy (DOE) issued the Federal Register on the test procedures for integral LED lamps. The integral LED lamps required to enter the United States must be tested in a qualified laboratory in accordance with the requirements of this test procedure to obtain data such as total luminous flux, input power, luminous efficiency, relevant color temperature, color rendering index, power factor, service life and standby power. The regulation came into force on August 1st, 2016 and was enforced on December 28th, 2016. According to the requirements of the regulation, the above parameters need to be tested according to lm-79, lm-84, tm-28 and IEC6 2301. The DOE test procedure of the new integrated ledsamples: Department of energy 10 CFR parts 429 and 430 [dock re-2011-bt-tp-0071] officially came into effect on August 1st, 2016

10. The United States released five updates to the latest technical resolution on LED tubes

on August 25, 2016, Underwriters Laboratories updated the technical resolution on LED tubes that directly replaced fluorescent tubes, replacing the old version issued on February 20, 2015, and plans to officially incorporate it into the ul1993 standard by the end of 2016

the content of this latest technical resolution has five major updates: first, the test adopts the constant current power supply mode to replace the original constant voltage power supply mode, and cancels the original current limit; Second, if the type a LED tube only replaces the T5 fluorescent tube used for electronic ballast, the DC component between the LED tube and the pin pin of its lamp cap is not required; Third, if the LED lamp adopts a metal lamp cap or has other contactable non current carrying metal parts, the electrical clearance requirements from the pin pin of the lamp cap to these metal parts are lower than before; Fourth, the reading of component failure test is changed from 5 seconds to 5 minutes; Fifthly, the test method of cathode impedance is clarified

this latest technical resolution breaks through the previous technical bottleneck of type a LED tubes entering the North American market in several aspects, and is expected to enable ul to help more LED manufacturers quickly enter the North American market by directly replacing the large number of double ended straight tubes, U-shaped tubes, single ended CFL tubes and ring tubes in the North American market

the new resolution has improved the detection methods of some items of LED tubes. On the other hand, the new resolution has made more detailed, scientific and rigorous technical requirements for LED tubes. All enterprises should grasp the basic contents of the new regulations, understand the normative requirements of the new regulations, sort out the similarities and differences between the old and new regulations, combine their own LED product characteristics, select representative samples, start from the similarities and differences between the old and new technical standards, combine specific products, integrate theory with practice, improve and improve their own product quality, so that enterprises can be in a dominant position in the general environment of international trade

patents: attack and defense intertwined

in the development process of LED lighting industry, the word "patent war" is like a shadow, which has become one of the keynote of the whole industry to a certain extent. From the early "337" to now, many patent wars have occurred every year, and 2016 is no exception. Many events have occurred around patents. For example, on January 8, crystal optoelectronics formally filed a lawsuit with the Taiwan intellectual property court, accusing optical technology of infringing four invention patents owned by crystal optoelectronics. On January 26, Hongqi technology, an LED manufacturer, sued Cree, a large American LED manufacturer, in the Federal District Court of Northern California, USA, for infringing a patent of Cree. The patent number related to the white LED is us6841934. Nichia and Yiguang have experienced several rounds of patent litigation "battle", Nichia against B

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